A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
11cRAl 11-cis-Retinaldehyde
11cRBA 11cis-retinyl-bromoacetat
11cRoi 11-cis-Retinoids
11cRol 11-cis-Retinol
11cRy 11-cis-Retinyl-ester

A

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α1-PI α1-Proteinase Inhibitor
α2-M α2-macroglobulin
A2-E Diretinal-Ethanolamine Derivate
AA Aminoacids
AAV Adeno Associated-Virus
AB Antibody
ABR Auditory-evoked Brainstem Response
ADH Alcohol/Retinol Dehydrogenase
ADP Adenosine-Di-Phosphate
AF Autofluorescence
AhR Aromatic Hydrocarbon Receptor
AIP Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor-interacting Protein
AIPL1 Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor-interacting Protein like 1
AIRS ABCR/IRBP/Rhodopsin/S-Antigen common promoter element
Ala Alanin
Asn Aspartic acid
ASP Agouti Signalling Protein
Asp Asparagin
ATP Adenosine-Tri-Phosphate
ATP5B ATP Synthase β-subunit, mitochondrial
atRA all-trans-Retinoic Acid
atRAl all-trans-Retinaldehyde
atRBA all-trans-retinyl-bromoacetat
atRoi all-trans Retinoids
atRol all-trans-Retinol
atRy all-trans-Retinylester
AV Adenovirus

B

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βFGF Basic Fibroblast Growth Factor
βGal β-Galactosidase
BACMK N-tert-butoxycarbonyl-L-biocytin-α11-aminoundecanochloromethyl keton
BCE Binding CRAlBP Element (PCE1 flanked by GCAGGA)
BCP Blue Cone Pigment
BDNF Brain-derived Neurotropic Factor
bHLH-zip basic Helix-Loop-Helix Zipper
BiP Ig-binding protein
BLOC Biogenesis of Lysosome-related Organelles Complex
bp Basepair
BRC (3R)-3-[boc-lys(biotinyl)-O-]-all-trans-retinol chloroacetat

C

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C/EBP CAAT-Enhancer Binding Protein
Cav1.3 L-type voltage-gated Ca2+ channel
CaM Calmodulin
cAMP cyclic Adenosine Mono Phosphat
CBE CRX-binding element
CBS2 Cystathionine-β-synthetase 2
CC Connecting Cilium
CCD Coiled-Coil Domain
CCM Chemical Cleavage Method
cDNA Complementary DNA
CFP Cerulean fluorescent protein
cGMP cyclic Guanosine Mono Phosphate
CHOP CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein homologous protein
CLZ Carboxy-terminal leucine zipper
cM centi Morgan
CMV Cytomegaly Virus
cNMP cyclic Nucleotide Mono Phosphate
CNTF Ciliary Neurotrophic Factor
Co-IP Co-Immunoprecipitation
COS Cone Outer Segments
CPE Corneal Pigment Epithelium
CRABP Cellular Retinoic Acid-binding Protein
CRAlBP Cellular Retinaldehyd-binding Protein
CRBP Cellular Retinol-binding Protein
CRX Cone Rod Homeobox gene
Cys Cystein

D

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d.p.c. days post-coitum - days after copulation
DGGE Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis
DHA Docosahexanoic acid
DNA Deoxyribo-Nucleic Acid
DOPA Dopamine
dpf days post fertilization

E

 
EAM Encapsidated Adenovirus Minichromosome
ECL Extracellular Loop
EF-hand Domain in Ca2+-binding proteins
ELM External Limiting Membrane
ELO Proteins involved in elongation of fatty acids
ELOVL4 Elongation of Very Long Chain Fatty Acids-like Protein 4
EOG Electro-oculo-gram
EORD Early Onset (severe) Retinal Dystrophy
ER Endoplasmatic Reticulum
ERG Electroretinogram

F

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FIGE Field Inversion Gel Electrophoresis
FITC Fluorescein-5-Isothiocyanate
FRET Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer
FTH1 Ferritin Heavy-chain Gene

G

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GAP GTPase-activating Protein
GC Guanylate Cyclase
GCAP Guanylate Cyclase-activating Protein
GCL Ganglion Cell Layer
GCP Green Cone Pigment
GDF GDI Displacement Factor
GDI GDP Dissociation Inhibitor
GDP Guanosine-Di-Phosphate
GDS GDP Dissociation Inhibitor
GEF Guanine-nucleotide Exchange Factor
GFP Green Fluorescent Protein
GG Geranylgeranyl
GGtase Geranyl Geranyl Transferase (see also: RGGT)
GIP G-Protein Inhibitor Protein
Gln Glutamic acid
Glu Glutamine
Gly Glycine
GNAT Transducin, α-subunit
GNB Transducin, β-subunit
GNB/G Guanine Nucleotide-binding Protein β/γ dimer
GNG Transducin, γ-subunit
GNGT Transducin, γ-subunit
GNT Guanine Nucleotide-binding Protein, Transducin
GPCR G-Protein Coupled Receptor
GPI Glycosylphosphatidylinositol
GROD Granular Osmiophilic Deposits
GTP Guanosine-Tri-Phosphate

H

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H&E Hematoxylin-Eosin stain
HMG1 High Mobility Group 1
HNF-1 Hepato Nuclear Factor 1
hpf hours post fertilization
HSPB4 Alpha crystallin A chain (Heat-shock protein beta-4)
HSV Herpes Simplex Virus
HVJ Hemeagglutinating Virus of Japan
HWMC High Molecular Weight Complex

I

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ICL Intracellular Loop
Ile Isoleucine
ILM Inner Limiting Membrane
IMH Isomerohydrolase
IMP Inosine monophosphate
INL Inner Nuclear Layer
IP3 Inositol-triphosphate
IPE Iris Pigment epithelium
IPM Interphotoreceptor Matrix
IR Immunoreactivity
IRBP Interphotoreceptor Retinoid-binding Protein
ISL Inner Segment Layer
IVS Intervening Sequence = Intron

J

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K

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kb Kilobase (1,000 basepairs)
kDa Kilodalton
KID RepA/Rep+ protein KID motif

L

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lacZ E. coli Lactose Operon Gene Z = β-Galactosidase
LCR Locus Control Region
Leu Leucine
LRAT Lecithin Retinol Acyl Transferase
LRR Leucine Rich Repeat
Lys Lysine

M

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mAB Monoclonal Antibody
Mb Megabase (1,000,000 basepairs)
Met Methionine
MII Metarhodopsin II
MITF Microphthalmia-associated Transcription Factor
MLTV Malattia leventinese
MOI Multiplicity of Infection
mRNA Messenger Ribonucleic Acid
mRPE65 RPE65, membrane bound
MTOC Micro-Tubule Organizing Center
MTSES Sodium (2-sulfonatoethyl)methanethiosulfonate
MTSET 2-(Trimethylammonium)ethyl]methanethiosulfonate bromide

N

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NADH Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide (reduced)
NADPH Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide Phosphate (reduced)
NBOC N-boc-L-biocytinyl-11-aminoundeca chloromethyl keton
NFL Nerve Fibre Layer
NLS Nuclear Localization Signal
NLS_BP Bipartite Nuclear Localization Signal
NMD Nonsense Mediated Decay
NPC Nuclear Pore Complex
NR2E3 Photoreceptor cell-specific nuclear receptor
NRE NRL responsive element
nt Nucleotide

O

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OAT Ornithine δ-Aminotransferase
Oct Octomer Family of Transcription Factors
OGT O-linked N-acetylglucosamine transferase
OKR Optokinetic Response
ONL Outer Nuclear Layer
ORF Open Reading Frame
OS Outer Segment
otd mouse homologue to OTX2
OTX2 Homeobox Gene

P

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P- Phosphorylated-
pAB polyclonal Antibody
PAS periodic acid Schiff reaction
PATJ PALS1-Associated Tight Junction protein
PBI PDZ-binding interface
PBM PDZ-binding motif
PC Phosphatidylcholine
PCB Photoreceptor Cell Bodies
PCL Photoreceptor Cell Layer
PCR Polymerase Chain Reaction
PDC Phosducin
PDE Phosphodiesterase
PDEA Phosphodiesterase, α-subunit
PDEB Phosphodiesterase, β-subunit
PDED Phosphodiesterase, δ-subunit
PDEG Phosphodiesterase, γ-subunit
PDP Pooled DNA PCR
PDZ Post-synaptic density 95, Disc large, Zonula occludens - Motif
PE Phosphatidylethanolamine
PEA3 Polyomavirus Enhancer Activator-3
PERK double-stranded RNA-regulated protein kinase-like ER kinase
PFGE Pulsed Field Gel Electrophoresis
pfu Plaque Forming Units
Phe Phenylalanine
PI Phosphatidylinositol
PIP Phosphatidyl-inositol-4-phosphate
PIP2 Phosphatidyl-inositol-4-5-bisphosphate
PIRE Pineal Regulatory Element
PIS Photoreceptor Inner Segments
PKA Proteinkinase A
PKC Proteinkinase C
P-loop ATP/GTP-binding site motif A
PM Plasmamembrane
POS Photoreceptor Outer Segment
PP Pyrophosphate, Diphosphate
PPI Polyphosphoinositide
PPi Inorganic Pyrophosphate
PR Photoreceptor
PRA Progressive Retina Atrophy
PRK Protein kinase
PRKC Protein Kinase C
Pro Proline
PS Phosphatidylserine
PSDR1 Prostate Short-Chain Dehydrogenase/Reductase 1
PUFA Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids

Q

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qPCR Quantitative PCR

R

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RA Retinoic Acid
rAAV recombinant AAV
RAl Retinaldehyde/Retinal
RAR Retinoic-acid Receptor
RCC1 Ran GTPase Guanine Exchange Factor
rcd rod-cone dystrophy
RCP Red Cone Pigment
RCS Royal College of Surgeons
RCV Recoverin
RDH 11-cis-Retinol Dehydrogenase
REH Retinylester Hydrolase
Ret-1/PCE Photoreceptor Conserved Element
RFP Arg-Phe-Pro Containing Protein
RGC Retinal Ganglion Cells
RGGT Rab Geranyl-Geranyl Transferase
RGR RPE-retinal G-protein-coupled Receptor
RGS Regulators of G-protein Signalling
RHC Red Hair Colour
RHO Rhodopsin
RHOK Rhodopsin Kinase
RID RPGR-interacting Domain
RIMLP RPGR-interacting Motor-like Protein
RIS Rod Inner Segment
RNA ribo-Nucleic Acid
RNAi RNA Interference
Rol Retinol
ROS Rod Outer Segments
RPE Retinal Pigmentepithelium
RRL Rabbit Reticulocyte Lysate
RT- Reverse Transcription
RXR Retinoid X Receptor
Ry Retinyl-ester
RYA Retinylamine

S

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SA Serum Albumine
SA Serum Albumin
SAG S-antigen, Arrestin
SAP Sphingolipid Activator Proteins
SCR Sequence Conserved Region
SDR Short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase
Ser Serine
serpin Serine Protease Inhibitor Supergene Family
shRNA small hairpin RNA
siRNA small interfering RNA
SMC Structural Maintenance of Chromosomes
snRNP small nuclear Ribo-Nucleo-Protein
SRBP Serum Retinol-binding Protein
sRPE65 RPE65, cytosol solubilized
SSCA Single Strand Conformation Polymorphism Analysis
SSCP Single Strand Conformation Polymorphism
SSR Short Sequence Repeat
SU Subunit

T

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TCRP t-complex-related proteins
TGN Trans Golgi Network
Thr Threonine
TIE Translation Inhibitory Element
TIMP Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteases
TLX Homologue to the orphan receptor encoded by the Drosophila terminal/gap gene tailless
TM Transmembrane
TMD Transmembrane domain
TPI1 Triosephosphate isomerase
TPR Tetratricopeptide Repeat
TREp Artificial Palindromic Sequence
TRP Tetratricopeptide Repeat
Trp Tryptophane
Tsp Tail Specific Protease
TTR Transthyretin
TUBB2C Tubulin beta-2C chain
TZ Transition Zone

U

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UPD Uniparental Disomy
UPR Unfolded Protein Response
UTR Untranslated Region

V

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v/t-SNARE Vesicle/Target-Soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor Acceptor Receptor
vit. A Vitamin A
W  
WB Western Blot
WGE Wheat Germ Extract
WT Wild Type

X

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XMP Xathosine monophosphate

Y

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Y2H Yeast-2-Hybrid Assay
YAC Yeast Artificial Chromosome
YFP Yellow fluorescent protein
YOH Yeast-one-Hybrid Assay

Z

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